Portrait photography is certainly an art. There is no other way that human emotions express themselves and no other medium that may preserve you smile and your dazzling looks for so long. Now it is time to explore portrait photography, so you may get a hint of what exactly to wish for and what to expect from your photographer.
One of the oldest means of looking young, vibrant and even authoritative is portrait photography, with the exception of painting off course. Portrait photography can be of as many kinds as you name them, but two broad categories generally suffice the need to find any other.
There is no hard and fast rule for this section of photography though, but to make it simpler and easier to understand, we divide them in three categories:
- On the basis of subject
- On the basis of the number of people in the frame
- On the basis of the frame/shot
A: On the basis of subject we further classify them as:
01. Candid Portrait Photography
Candid portraits are the one where the subject may be aware or unaware of presence of a photographer. However, in such portraits, the photographer does not have much liberty to change the environment or emotions of the person being photographed. Things are natural and spontaneous.
02. Posed Portrait Photography
A posed portrait is simply a portrait where the subject is fully aware of your presence and selects a certain body posture or costume for the picture.
03. Formal Portrait Photography
This type of portrait is a posed portrait prepared for business or other formal occasions.
04. Environmental Portrait
An environmental portrait normally focuses on the relation of the subject with his environment. The relation between the subject and his environment is more dominant than the facial expressions.
Sport Portraits and Children Portraits can also be included here. However, they are classified separately only because of their exclusivity. A sporting portrait is only about sports and a child portrait all about that child.
B: On the basis of number of people in the frame:
01. Individual Portraits
Only one person in the frame.
02. Couple Portraits
Two people and their relationship. It is a little complex as the interpretation has to be set right or the whole portrait may go wrong.
03. Group Portraits
A family photograph, class photos, batch photos etc. qualify for this category. It may feature three to hundreds of people. Such a picture portrays the feelings of unity and is very famous with institutions as a memorabilia.
C: On the basis of the Shot/Frame:
Pictures taken at a very short distance or with the help of a zoom or macro lens. The camera only captures a small portion of your face. It normally covers the face at it edges.
02. Facial Shots
A facial shot covers the full face of the subject. It may either be up to the neckline or the bust.
03. Upper Body Shots
Upper body shots cover only the area above the waist.
04. Full Body Portraits
They cover 3/4th portion to the whole body.
As said above, there is no clear margin for the classification of portrait pictures. A candid portrait might be an individual portrait with a close up shot. The point is that there may be objective science behind the development of cameras and photography; it still remains a subjective and dynamic art.
It is the will and the perception of the photographer that makes a picture. So go ahead and pick your camera, pack all the lenses and look for a beautiful location to start clicking.